Dr. Grasian  Immanuel

Dr. Grasian Immanuel

Senior Lecturer
Manonmaniam Sundaranar University, India


Highest Degree
Ph.D. in Marine Biotechnology from Manonmaniam Sundaranar University, India

Share this Profile

Area of Interest:

Environmental Sciences
100%
Marine Biotechnology
62%
Marine Natural Products Development
90%
Marine Food Processing
75%
Marine Microbial Technology
55%

Selected Publications

  1. Sanjivkumar, M., R. Vaishnavi, M. Neelakannan, D. Kannan, T. Silambarasan and G. Immanuel, 2019. Investigation on characterization and biomedical properties of silver nanoparticles synthesized by an actinobacterium Streptomyces olivaceus (MSU3). Biocatal. Agric. Biotechnol., 17: 151-159.
    CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  
  2. Prabakaran, J.R., A. Vibin, M. Deivakumari, M. Muruganantham, R. Ramasubburayan, A. Palavesam and G. Immanuel, 2019. Comparison of polychaete diversity and distribution along the South Tamilnadu coast (Lat. 8.08∘ to 10.79∘ N), India. Regional Stud. Mar. Sci., Vol. 28. 10.1016/j.rsma.2019.100564.
    CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  
  3. Muthusamy, S., S.T. Selvan, P. Arunachalam and I. Grasian, 2019. Bioconversion and bioethanol production from agro-residues through fermentation process using mangrove-associated actinobacterium Streptomyces olivaceus (MSU3). Biofuels, 10: 167-179.
    CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  
  4. Bodhaguru, M., S. Prakash, R. Ramasubburayan, N.K. Ahila and L. Mariselvam et al., 2019. Screening, partial purification of antivibriosis metabolite sterol-glycosides from Rhodococcus sp. against aquaculture associate pathogens. Microbial Pathog., Vol. 103597. 10.1016/j.micpath.2019.103597.
    CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  
  5. Bodhaguru, M., P. Santhiyagu, M. Lakshmanan, R. Ramasamy and A.N. Kumari et al., 2019. In vitro biomedicinal properties of Pyrrolidine-2, 4-Dione derived from a novel actinobacterium Streptomyces rochei, a green approach. Biocatal. Agric. Biotechnol., Vol. 20. 10.1016/j.bcab.2019.101244.
    CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  
  6. Sivagnanavelmurugan, M., S. Radhakrishnan, A. Palavesam, V. Arul and G. Immanuel, 2018. Characterization of alginic acid extracted from Sargassum wightii and determination of its antiviral activity on shrimp penaeus monodon postlarvae against white spot syndrome virus. Int. J. Curr. Res. Life Sci., 7: 1863-1872.
    Direct Link  |  
  7. Sivagnanavelmurugan, M., A. Palavesam, V. Arul and G. Immanuel, 2018. Protective effect of short chain fatty acids on gnotobiotic Artemia franciscana nauplii against Vibrio harveyii. Int. J. Curr. Res. Life Sci., 7: 1877-1884.
    Direct Link  |  
  8. Sanjivkumar, M., T. Silambarasan, R. Balagurunathan and G. Immanuel, 2018. Biosynthesis, molecular modeling and statistical optimization of xylanase from a mangrove associated actinobacterium Streptomyces variabilis (MAB3) using Box-Behnken design with its bioconversion efficacy. Int. J. Biol. Macromol., 118: 195-208.
    CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  
  9. Sanjivkumar, M., A. Brindhashini, M. Deivakumari, A. Palavesam and G. Immanuel, 2018. Investigation on saccharification and bioethanol production from pretreated agro-residues using a mangrove associated actinobacterium Streptomyces variabilis (MAB3). Waste Biomass Valorizat., 9: 969-984.
    CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  
  10. Sanjivkumar, M., T. Silambarasan, A. Palavesam and G. Immanuel, 2017. Biosynthesis, purification and characterization of β-1,4-xylanase from a novel mangrove associated actinobacterium Streptomyces olivaceus (MSU3) and its applications. Protein Exp. Purif., 130: 1-12.
    CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  
  11. Rammasubburayan, R., T. Susan, P.K. Verma, A. Palavesam and G. Immanuel, 2017. Antifouling potentials of the marine epibiotic bacterium Bacillus flexus APGI isolated from seaweed Ulva faciata. Indian J. Geomar. Sci., 46: 1396-1400.
  12. Ramasubburayan, R., S. Sumathi, S. Prakash, V.S. Ramkumar, S. Titus, G. Immanuel and A. Palavesam, 2017. Synthesis of nano silver by a marine epibiotic bacterium Bacillus vallismortis and its potent ecofriendly antifouling properties. Environ. Nanotechnol. Monitor. Manage., 8: 112-120.
    CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  
  13. Ramasubburayan, R., S. Prakash, S. Venkatesan, A. Palavesam and G. Immanuel, 2017. Environmentally benign antifouling activity and toxic properties of bioactive metabolites from mangrove Excoecaria agallocha L. Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res., 24: 27490-27501.
    CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  
  14. Ramasubburayan, R., S. Prakash, P. Iyapparaj, S. Sumathi, S. Titus, G. Immanuel and A. Palavesam, 2017. Isolation, screening and evaluation of antifouling activity of mangrove associated bacterium, Bacillus subtilis subsp. subtilis RG. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci., India Sect. B: Biol. Sci., 87: 1015-1024.
    CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  
  15. Prema, P., S. Thangapandiyan and G. Immanuel, 2017. CMC stabilized nano silver synthesis, characterization and its antibacterial and synergistic effect with broad spectrum antibiotics. Carbohyd. Polym., 158: 141-148.
    CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  
  16. Maruthiah, T., G. Immanuel and A. Palavesam, 2017. Purification and characterization of halophilic organic solvent tolerant protease from marine Bacillus sp. APCMST-RS7 and its antioxidant potentials. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci., India Section B: Biol. Sci., 87: 207-216.
    CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  
  17. Maruthiah, T., B. Somanath, G. Immanuel and A. Palavesam, 2017. Investigation on production and purification of haloalkalophilic organic solvent tolerant protease from marine shell waste and its bioconversion to chitin by aquatic Bacillus sp. APCMST-CS4. Waste Biomass Valoriz., 8: 811-827.
    CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  
  18. Kudus, K., I. Grasian, S. Madasamy and A. John, 2017. Immunomodulatory effect of alginic acid from brown seaweed Sargassum wightii on disease resistance in Penaeus monodon. J. Clean WAS, 1: 26-29.
    Direct Link  |  
  19. Chandran, N., A.M. Suganya, G. Immanuel and A. Palavesam, 2017. Immunomodulatory and growth-promoting potential of lowcost probiotic product in Penaeus monodon culture system. Croat. J. Fish.: Ribarstvo, 75: 58-66.
    CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  
  20. Suganya, A.M., M. Sanjivkumar, M.N. Chandran, A. Palavesam and G. Immanuel, 2016. Pharmacological importance of sulphated polysaccharide carrageenan from red seaweed Kappaphycus alvarezii in comparison with commercial carrageenan. Biomed. Pharmacother., 84: 1300-1312.
    CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  
  21. Sanjivkumar, M., D.R. Babu, A.M. Suganya, T. Silambarasan, R. Balagurunathan and G. Immanuel, 2016. Investigation on pharmacological activities of secondary metabolite extracted from a mangrove associated actinobacterium Streptomyces olivaceus (MSU3). Biocatal. Agric. Biotechnol., 6: 82-90.
    CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  
  22. Prema, P., P.A. Iniya and G. Immanuel, 2016. Microbial mediated synthesis, characterization, antibacterial and synergistic effect of gold nanoparticles using Klebsiella pneumonia (MTCC-4030). RSC Adv., 6: 4601-4607.
    CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  
  23. Prakash, S., R. Ramasubburayan, V.S. Ramkumar, E. Kannapiran, A. Palavesam and G. Immanuel, 2016. In vitro-Scientific evaluation on antimicrobial, antioxidant, cytotoxic properties and phytochemical constituents of traditional coastal medicinal plants. Biomed. Pharmacother., 83: 648-657.
    CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  
  24. Nawas, P., R. Ramasubburayan, A. Palavesam and G. Immanuel, 2016. RAPD analysis of dominant denitrifying bacterial species in the estuarine environment of South West coast of India. Indian J. Geo Mar. Sci., 45: 1696-1703.
  25. Maruthiah, T., B. Somanath, J.V. Jasmin, G. Immanuel and A. Palavesam, 2016. Production, purification and characterization of halophilic organic solvent tolerant protease from marine crustacean shell wastes and its efficacy on deproteinization. 3 Biotech, Vol. 6. 10.1007/s13205-016-0474-y.
    CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  
  26. Immanuel, G., 2016. Bioencapsulation of brine shrimp Artemia nauplii with probionts and their resistance against vibrio pathogens. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci., 11: 323-330.
    CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  
  27. Esakkiraj, P., G. Prabakaran, T. Maruthiah, G. Immanuel and A. Palavesam, 2016. Purification and characterization of halophilic alkaline lipase from Halobacillus sp. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci., India Section B: Biol. Sci., 86: 309-314.
    CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  
  28. Chandran, M.N., S. Moovendhan, A.M. Suganya, A. Tamilselvi, G. Immanuel and A. Palavesam, 2016. Influence of polyherbal formulation (AquaImmu) as a potential growth promotor and immunomodulator in shrimp Penaeus monodon. Aquacult. Rep., 4: 143-149.
    CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  
  29. Ananthi, S., S. Sudha, G. Immanuel and A. Palavesam, 2016. Optimization and purification of lipase through submerged fermentation by Alcanivorax sp. GICMST-1 from the gut of marine fish Saridinella longiceps. Der Pharm. Chem., 8: 298-306.
  30. Ananthi, S., S. Prakash, S.P. Glency Reefa, C. Arthy and G. Immanuel, 2016. Purification and characterization of Lipase from Shewanella sp. CMST GISA-MSU through solid state fermentation and its positional specificity. Res. J. Pharm. Biol. Chem. Sci., 7: 1842-1856.
  31. Subharanjani, S., R. Gunarani, P. Prema and G. Immanuel, 2015. Potential influence of probiotic bacteria on the growth gut microflora of Carassius auratus. Int. J. Fish. Aquat. Stud., 2: 319-323.
    Direct Link  |  
  32. Subharanjani, S., P. Prema and G. Immanuel, 2015. Supplementation of B. cereus as probiotic in fish feed of Trichogaster trichopterus (Blue Gourami) and calculating its growth and survival. Int. J. Curr. Microbiol. Applied Sci., 4: 744-751.
  33. Sivagnanavelmurugan, M., G.K. Ramnath, B.J. Thaddaeus, A. Palavesam and G. Immanuel, 2015. Effect of Sargassum wightii fucoidan on growth and disease resistance to Vibrio parahaemolyticus in Penaeus monodon post‐larvae. Aquacult. Nutr., 21: 960-969.
    CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  
  34. Saroja, P.M., G. Immanuel and G.A.G. Raj, 2015. Seasonal variation of the macronutrients in marine macroalgae (Gracillaria edulis) from selected locations on the southern coast of Tamilnadu, India. Crossian Resonance, 6: 114-119.
  35. Ramasubburayan, R., S. Sumathi, D.M. Bercy, G. Immanuel and A. Palavesam, 2015. Antimicrobial, antioxidant and anticancer activities of mangrove associated bacterium Bacillus subtilis subsp. subtilis RG. Biocatal. Agric. Biotechnol., 4: 158-165.
    CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  
  36. Ramasubburayan, R., S. Prakash, P. Iyapparaj, S. Sumathi, B.J. Thaddaeus, A. Palavesam and G. Immanuel, 2015. Investigation on antibacterial, antifungal and cytotoxic properties of chosen mangroves. Indian J. Geo-Mar. Sci., 44: 1769-1777.
  37. Prakash, S., R. Ramasubburayan, P. Iyapparaj, N.K. Ahila and V.S. Ramkumar et al., 2015. Influence of physicochemical and nutritional factors on bacterial diversity in mangrove sediments along the southwest coast of Tamilnadu, India. Environ. Monitor. Assess., Vol. 187. 10.1007/s10661-015-4713-1.
    CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  
  38. Prakash, S., R. Ramasubburayan, P. Iyapparaj, A.P.R. Arthi and N.K. Ahila et al., 2015. Environmentally benign antifouling potentials of triterpene-glycosides from Streptomyces fradiae: A mangrove isolate. RSC Adv., 5: 29524-29534.
    CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  
  39. Maruthiah, T., B. Somanath, G. Immanuel and A. Palavesam, 2015. Deproteinization potential and antioxidant property of haloalkalophilic organic solvent tolerant protease from marine Bacillus sp. APCMST-RS3 using marine shell wastes. Biotechnol. Rep., 8: 124-132.
    CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  
  40. Suji, H.A., T.A. Palevesam, G. Immanuel and S. Raj, 2014. Effect of different growth parameters on chitinase enzyme activity. Afr. J. Biotechnol., 13: 2336-2340.
    Direct Link  |  
  41. Suji, H.A., T.A. Palevesam, G. Immanuel and S. Raj, 2014. Effect of different growth parameters on chitinase enzyme activity by mutant bacteria of gut environment. Int. J. Sci. Nature, 5: 53-60.
  42. Suji, H.A., A. Palavesam, G. Immanuel and S. Raj, 2014. Production of different enzymes by gut microflora. Int. J. Sci. Nature, 5: 28-32.
  43. Sivagnanavelmurugan, M., B. Jude Theaddaeus, A. Palavesam and G. Immanuel, 2014. Dietary effect of Sargassum wightii fucoidan to enhance growth, prophenoloxidase gene expression of Penaeus monodon and immune resistance to Vibrio parahaemolyticus. Fish Shellfish Immunol., 39: 439-449.
    CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  
  44. Saroja, P.M., G. Immanuel and G.A.G. Raj, 2014. Trace elements in marine macro algae (Gracilaria edulis) on the Southern coast of Tamil Nadu, India. Asian J. Res. Chem., 7: 295-299.
    Direct Link  |  
  45. Ramasubburayan, R., T. Susan, V.P. Kumar, G. Immanuel and A. Palavesam, 2014. Isolation, screening and optimization of culture conditions for enhanced antibacterial activity by a marine epibiotic bacterium Bacillus flexus APGI against fouling bacterial strains. J. Pure Applied Microbiol., 8: 2909-2920.
  46. Pushpam, P.M., V.U. Bhagan and G. Immanuel, 2014. Seasonal changes on heavy metal contamination in the water samples of selected temple tanks in Kanyakumari district, South India. J. Chem. Biol. Phys. Sci., 4: 907-912.
  47. Prakash, S., R. Ramasubburayan, P. Iyapparaj, S. Sankaralingam, A. Palavesam and G. Immanuel, 2014. Optimization and partial purification of a protease produced by selected bacterial strains grown on trash fish meal substrate and its antagonistic property against bacterial pathogens. Biocatal. Agric. Biotechnol., 3: 288-295.
    CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  
  48. Moovendhan, M., R. Ramasubburayan, S. Vairamani, A. Shanmugam, A. Palavesam and G. Immanuel, 2014. Antibiotic susceptibility of Genistein and Alkaloids from Rhizophora apiculata. Biocatal. Agric. Biotechnol., 3: 323-327.
    CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  
  49. Moovendan, M., R. Ramasubburayan, S. Vairamani, A. Shanmugam, A. Palavesam and G. Immanuel, 2014. Antibacterial potency and characterization of anti urinary tract infection metabolites from mangrove plants.J. Herbs Spices Med. Plants, J. Herbs Spices Med. Plants, 21: 129-139.
  50. Maruthiah, T., P. Esakkiraj, G. Immanuel and A. Palavesam, 2014. Alkaline serine protease from marine Bacillus flexus APCMST-RS2P: Purification and characterization. Curr. Biotechnol., 3: 238-243.
    Direct Link  |  
  51. Mariapushpam, P., V. Umayorubhagan, G. Immanuel and A. Kumaraswamy, 2014. Assessment of water quality of Mathusoothanaperumal swamy temple pond in Parakkai, Kanyakumari. Indian J. Environ. Protect., 34: 783-788.
  52. Chandran, M.N., P. Iyapparaj, S. Moveendhan, R. Ramasubburayan, S. Prakash, G. Immanuel and A. Palavesam, 2014. Influence of probiotic bacterium Bacillus cereus isolated from the gut of wild shrimp Penaeus monodon in turn as a potent growth promoter and immune enhancer in P. monodon. Fish Shellfish Immunol., 36: 38-45.
    CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  
  53. Ananthi, S., R. Ramasuburayan, A. Palavesam and G. Immanuel, 2014. Optimization and purification of lipase through solid state fermentation by Bacillus cereus MSU as isolated from the gut of a marine fish Sardinella longiceps. Int. J. Pharm. Pharm. Sci., 6: 291-298.
  54. Subathra, M.K., G. Immanuel and A.H. Suresh, 2013. Isolation and identification of hydrocarbon degrading bacteria from Ennore creek. Bioinformation, 9: 150-157.
    Direct Link  |  
  55. Sreeja, S.J., M.P.W. Jeba, J.F.R. Sharmila, T. Steffi, G. Immanuel and A. Palavesam, 2013. Optimization of cellulase production by Bacillus altitudinis APS MSU and Bacillus licheniformis APS2 MSU, gut isolates of fish Etroplus suratensis. Int. J. Adv. Res. Technol., 2: 401-406.
    Direct Link  |  
  56. Seenivasan, C., P.S. Bhavan, S. Radhakrishnan, T. Muralisankar, G. Immanuel, V. Srinivasan and N. Manickam, 2013. Effect of Saccharomyces cerevisiae on survival, growth, biochemical constituents and energy utilization in the prawn Macrobrachium rosenbergii. Int. J. Applied Biol. Pharm. Technol., 4: 39-47.
  57. Sankaralingam, S., P. Nithyanand, S.T. Karuthapandiyan, A. Palavesam, R. Ramasubburayan and G. Immanuel, 2013. Identification and growth characterization of a novel 2, 4-D (Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid) degrading bacterium Maribacter sp. Amsu isolated from aquaculture effluent. Applied Ecol. Environ. Res., 11: 137-151.
  58. Ramasubburayan, R., P. Iyapparaj, K.J. Subhashini, M.N. Chandran, A. Palavesam and G. Immanuel, 2013. Characterization and nutritional quality of formic acid silage developed from marine fishery waste and their potential utilization as feed stuff for common carp Cyprinus carpio fingerlings. Turk. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci., 13: 281-289.
    CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  
  59. Maruthiah, T., P. Esakkiraj, G. Prabakaran, A. Palavesam and G. Immanuel, 2013. Purification and characterization of moderately halophilic alkaline serine protease from marine Bacillus subtilis AP-MSU 6. Biocatal. Agric. Biotechnol., 2: 116-119.
    CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  
  60. Iyapparaj, P., P. Revathi, R. Ramasubburayan, S. Prakash, P. Anantharaman, G. Immanuel and A. Palavesam, 2013. Antifouling activity of the methanolic extract of Syringodium isoetifolium and its toxicity relative to tributyltin on the ovarian development of brown mussel Perna indica. Ecotoxicol. Environ. Saf., 89: 231-238.
    CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  
  61. Esakkiraj, P., P.M.A. Nawas, S.K. Thomas, T. Maruthiah, A. Palavesam and G. Immanuel, 2013. Solid-state lipase production by Staphylococcus cohnii AP-CMST using anchovy processing wastes. J. Pure Applied Microbiol., 7: 637-644.
  62. Usha, M., M.R. Appavoo and G. Immanuel, 2012. Pharmacognostical Study and Preliminary Phytochemical Screening of the Leaf of Ixora johnsonii Hook.f. - A Rare, Endemic, Critically Endangered Species of Southern Western Ghats of Kerala, India. Int. J. Pharm. Phytopharmacol. Res., 1: 263-270.
    Direct Link  |  
  63. Sivagnanavelmurugan, M., T. Marudhupandi, A. Palavesam and G. Immanuel, 2012. Antiviral effect of fucoidan extracted from the brown seaweed, Sargassum wightii, on shrimp Penaeus monodon postlarvae against white spot syndrome virus. J. World Aquacult. Soc., 43: 697-706.
    CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  
  64. Saroja, P.M., G. Immanuel, G.A.G. Raj and K.E. Selvan, 2012. Studies on Radionuclides 228Ra, 238U, 228TH,and 40K in Selected Seaweeds of Coastal Tamilnadu, India. J. Environ. Biol., 33: 909-915.
    Direct Link  |  
  65. Saroja, P.M., G. Immanuel, G.A.G. Raj and K.E. Selvan, 2012. Impact of Season and Location on the Natural Radioactivity in Marine Macroalgae (Gracilaria edulis) of Coastal Tamil Nadu, India. J. Radioanal. Nucl. Chem., 291: 725-730.
    CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  
  66. Ramasubburayan, R., S. Prakash, P. Iyapparaj, M.S. Mahizha and M. Usha et al., 2012. Antibacterial, Antifungal and Cytotoxic Properties of Chosen Mangroves. Asia-Pac. J. Trop. Biomed., 12: 967-973.
    Direct Link  |  
  67. Preetha, V.V., A. Belayneh, A. Palavesam, G. Immanuel and Z. Tadesse, 2012. Effect of dietary nutrient sources on nitrogen and phosphorus loading from culture of tiger shrimp (Penaeus monodon). Aquacult. Res. Dev., 3: 1-6.
  68. Prakash, S., R. Ramasubburayan, C. Jinitha Mary, P. Iyapparaj, C. Kumar A. Palavesam and G. Immanuel, 2012. Screening and partial purification of antifungal metabolites from Streptomyces rochei MSA-14: An isolate from marine mining soil of Southwest coast of India. Indian J. Geo-Marine Sci., Vol. 42. (In press). .
  69. Kumari, K.S., G. Immanuel, B.A. Raj and S. Danya, 2012. Antidiabetic activity of tigogenin in streptozotocin induced diabetic rats. Novus Int. J. Pharm. Technol., 1: 1-8.
  70. Kumari, K.S., G. Immanuel and B.S. Dhanya, 2012. Evaluation of the Effect of Tigogenin on the Activities of Certain Key Enzymes of Carbohydrate Metabolism in Streptozotocin Induced Diabetic Rats. Int. J. Biol. Med. Res., 3: 1242-1247.
    Direct Link  |  
  71. Iyapparaj, P., R. Ramasubburayan, T. Raman, N. Das and P. Kumar et al., 2012. Evidence for the Antifouling Potentials of Marine Macroalgae Sargassum wightii. Adv. Nat. Appl. Sci., 6: 153-162.
    Direct Link  |  
  72. Immanuel, G., M. Sivagnanavelmurugan, V. Balasubramanian and A. Palavesam, 2012. Sodium alginate from Sargassum wightii retards mortalities in Penaeus monodon postlarvae challenged with white spot syndrome virus. Dis. Aquat. Org., 99: 187-196.
    Direct Link  |  
  73. Immanuel, G., M. Sivagnanavelmurugan, T. Marudhupandi, S. Radhakrishnan and A. Palavesam, 2012. The effect of fucoidan from brown seaweed Sargassum wightii on WSSV resistance and immune activity in shrimp Penaeus monodon (Fab). Fish Shellfish Immunol., 32: 551-564.
    CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  
  74. Immanuel, G., M. Sivagnanavelmurugan and A. Palavesam, 2012. Antibacterial Effect of Short-Chain Fatty Acids on Gnotobiotic Artemia franciscana Nauplii against Vibrio parahaemolyticus. Aquacult. Res., 43: 518-525.
    CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  
  75. Immanuel, G., B.J. Thaddaeus, M. Usha, R. Ramasubburayan, S. Prakash and A. Palavesam, 2012. Antipyretic, wound healing and antimicrobial activity of processed shell of the marine mollusc Cypraea moneta. Asian Pac. J. Trop. Biomed., 2: S1643-S1646.
    CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  
  76. Esakkiraj, P., R. Usha, A. Palavesam and G. Immanuel, 2012. Solid-state Production of Esterase Using Fish Processing Wastes by Bacillus altitudinis AP-MSU. Food Bioprod. Process., 90: 370-376.
    CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  
  77. Saroja, M., G. Immanuel and G.A. Gnanaraj, 2011. Study of mineral contents (Na, K, Zn, Cu) in Ulva lactuca from coastal Tamilnadu, India. Crossian Resonance, 2: 84-89.
  78. Prakash, S., E. Kannapiran, R. Ramasubburayan, P. Iyapparaj and S. Ananthi et al., 2011. Production and partial purification of protease by selected bacterial strains using Raw milk as substrate. Malaysian J. Microbiol., 7: 192-200.
    Direct Link  |  
  79. Mereena, G.U., C.V. Chandraja, G. Immanuel and R.P. Chandran, 2011. Petroleum Degrading Activity of Actinomycetes Isolated from the Coastal Areas of Tamilnadu. Int. J. Agric. Environ. Biotechnol., 4: 59-65.
    Direct Link  |  
  80. Iyapparaj, P., R. Ramasubburayan, M.N. Chandran, S. Prakash, A. Palavesam and G. Immanuel, 2011. Biochemical changes in rock lobster Panulirus homarus during live transportation process. World J. Fish Mar. Sci., 3: 427-434.
    Direct Link  |  
  81. Immanuel, G., M. Sivagnanavelmurugan and A. Palavesam, 2011. Antibacterial effect of medium-chain fatty acid: caprylic acid on gnotobiotic Artemia franciscana nauplii against shrimp pathogens Vibrio harveyi and V. parahaemolyticus. Aquacult. Int., 19: 91-101.
    CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  
  82. Esakkiraj, P., S. Sankaralingam, R. Usha, A. Palavesam and G. Immanuel, 2011. Solid-State Protease Production Using Anchovy Waste Meal by Moderate Halophile Serratia proteamaculans AP-CMST Isolated from Fish Intestine. Biomed. Life Sci., 61: 749-755.
    CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  
  83. Brindha, R.J., T.S. Mohan, G. Immanual, S. Jeeva and N.C.J.P. Lekshmi, 2011. Studies on amylase and cellulase enzyme activity of the fungal organisms causing spoilage in tomato. Eur. J. Exp. Biol., 1: 90-96.
  84. Prema, P., D. Smila, A. Palavesam and G. Immanuel, 2010. Production and Characterization of an Antifungal Compound (3-Phenyllactic Acid) Produced by Lactobacillus plantarum Strain. Food Bioprocess Technol., 3: 379-386.
    CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  
  85. Iyapparaj, P., G. Immanuel, R. Ramasubburayan, P. Esakkiraj, S. Sankaralingam, M. Navin Chandran and A. Palavesam, 2010. Effect of ultra violet radiation on pigments profile of seaweeds Gracillaria edulis and Hypnea musciformis. Biosciences Biotechnol. Res. Asia, 7: 199-207.
  86. Immanuel, G., P. Esakkiraj and A. Palavesam, 2010. Solid State Production of Esterase Using Groundnut Oil Cake by Fish Intestinal Isolate Bacillus circulans. KKU Res. J., 15: 459-474.
    Direct Link  |  
  87. Immanuel, G., M. Sivagnanavelmurugan, V. Balasubramanian and A. Palavesam, 2010. Effect of hot water extracts of brown seaweeds Sargassum spp. on growth and resistance to white spot syndrome virus in shrimp Penaeus monodon postlarvae. Aquacult. Res., 41: e545-e553.
    CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  
  88. Immanuel, G. and A. Palavesam, 2010. Comparative Study on the Liver Fatty Acid Profiles of the Red Toothed Trigger Fish (Odonus niger) from Southwest Coast of India. Iran. J. Fish. Sci., 9: 97-110.
    Direct Link  |  
  89. Esakkiraj, P., M.R. Bharathi, A. Palavesam and G. Immanuel, 2010. Lipase production by Staphylococcus epidermidis CMST-Pi 1 isolated from the gut of shrimp Penaeus indicus. Ann. Microbiol., 60: 37-42.
    CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  
  90. Esakkiraj, P., G.A.J. Dhas, A. Palavesam and G. Immanuel, 2010. Media preparation using Tuna-processing wastes for improved lipase production by shrimp gut isolate Staphylococcus epidermidis CMST Pi 2. Applied Biochem. Biotechnol., 160: 1254-1265.
    CrossRef  |  PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  
  91. Esakkiraj, P., G. Sandoval, S. Sankaralingam, G. Immanuel and A. Palavesam, 2010. Preliminary Optimization of Solid-State Phytase Production by Moderately Halophilic Pseudomonas AP-MSU 2 Isolated from Fish Intestine. Ann. Microbiol., 60: 461-468.
    CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  
  92. Palavesam, A., B. Somanath and G. Immanuel, 2009. Effect of Detritus Quality on Energy Allocation in Chironomids. Eur. J. Biol. Sci., 1: 1-9.
    Direct Link  |  
  93. Immanuel, G., S.S. Sivan, V.S. Sankar, M.J.P. Peter and A. Palavesam, 2009. Processing and characterisation of low cost Balistid fish Sufflamen capistratus liver oil for edible purpose. J. Food Chem., 115: 430-435.
    CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  
  94. Immanuel, G., S.A. Bright and A. Palavesam, 2009. Biochemical, Microbiological and Sensory Assessment of Quality in Value Added Product (Fish Soup Powder) Developed from Marine Trash Fish Odonus niger. J. National Aquat. Resour. Res. Dev. Agency, 39: 59-79.
    Direct Link  |  
  95. Immanuel, G., R.P. Uma, P.I. Raj, T. Citarasu, S.M.P. Peter, M.M. Babu and A. Palavesam, 2009. Dietary medicinal plant extracts improve growth, immune activity and survival of tilapia (Oreochromis mossambicus). J. Fish Biol., 74: 1462-1475.
    CrossRef  |  PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  
  96. Esakkiraj, P., G. Immanuel, S.M. Sowmya, P. Iyapparaj and A. Palavesam, 2009. Evaluation of protease-producing ability of fish gut isolate Bacillus cereus for aqua Feed. J. Food Bioprocess Technol., 2: 383-390.
    CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  
  97. Benedictal, A., K. Veluraja, A. Palavesam and G. Immanuel, 2009. Formalin and salinity stress induced cyst induction in Artemia parthenogenetica. Roum. Biotechnol. Lett., 14: 4370-4380.
    Direct Link  |  
  98. Babu, M.M., G. Immanuel, T. Citarasu, M.J. Punitha and S.A. Dhas et al., 2009. Advances in microfilter depurator for defaecation and feeding of artemia in shrimp hatcheries. Fishing Chimes, 29: 51-52.
  99. Selvamohan, T. A. Palavesam and G. Immanuel, 2008. Molecular Characterization of Escherichia coli Isolated from Estuarine Environment by Multiplex PCR and RAPD Analysis. Rom. Biotechnol. Lett., 13: 3617-3622.
    Direct Link  |  
  100. Punitha, S.M.J., M.M. Babu, V. Sivaram, V.S. Shankar and S.A. Dhas et al., 2008. Immunostimulating influence of herbal biomedicines on nonspecific immunity in grouper Epinephelus tauvina juvenile against Vibrio harveyi infection. Aquacult. Int., 16: 511-523.
    CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  
  101. Palavesam, A., S. Beena and G. Immanuel, 2008. Effect of L-lysine supplementation with different protein levels in diets on growth, body composition and protein metabolism in pearl spot Etroplus suratensis (Bloch). Turk. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci., 8: 133-139.
    Direct Link  |  
  102. Mohan, T.S., A. Palavesam and G. Immanvel, 2008. Isolation and characterization of lipase-producing Bacillus strains from oil mill waste. Afr. J. Biotechnol., 7: 2728-2735.
    Direct Link  |  
  103. Immanuel, G., P. Esakkiraj, A. Jebadhas, P. Iyapparaj and A. Palavesam, 2008. Investigation on lipase production by milk isolate Serratia rubidaea. Food Technol. Biotechnol., 46: 60-65.
  104. Babu, M.M., V. Sivaram, G. Immanuel, T. Citarasu and S.M.J. Punitha, 2008. Effects of herbal enriched Artemia supplementation over the reproductive performance and larval quality in spent spawners of tiger shrimp (Penaeus monodon). Turk. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci., 8: 301-307.
    Direct Link  |  
  105. Punitha, S.M.J., M.M. Babu and G. Immanuel, 2007. Developing Feed for the Culture of Brine Shrimp Artemia franciscana Using Marine Algae as Major Dietary Source. Rom. Biotechnol. Lett., 12: 3313-3328.
    Direct Link  |  
  106. Pillai, M.S.N., G. Immanuel, G.L. Rose and P. Sri Regunathan, 2007. A study on the concentration of trace metals in the source water and the salt samples of two salt pans of Kanyakumari district. J. Theor. Exp. Biol., 3: 117-123.
  107. Immanuel, G., T. Citarasu, V. Sivaram, M.M. Babu and A. Palavesam, 2007. Delivery of HUFA, probionts and biomedicine through bioencapsulated Artemia as a means to enhance the growth and survival and reduce the pathogenesity in shrimp Penaeus monodon postlarvae. Aquacult. Int., 15: 137-152.
    CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  
  108. Immanuel, G., T. Citarasu, V. Sivaram, C.S. Sankar and A. Palavesam, 2007. Bioencapsulation strategy and highly unsaturated fatty acids (HUFA) enrichment in Artemia franciscana nauplii by using marine trash fish Odonus niger liver oil. Afr. J. Biotechnol., 6: 2043-2053.
    Direct Link  |  
  109. Immanuel, G., C.M.A. Bhagavath, P.l. Raj, P. Esakkraj and A. Palavesam, 2007. Production and partial purification of cellulase by Aspergillus niger and A. fumigatus fermented in coir waste and sawdust. Internet J. Microbiol., Vol. 3, No. 1. .
    Direct Link  |  
  110. Immanuel, G., 2007. Culture of Brachionus plicatilis (L-type) Using Anaerobically Treated Organic Wastes. Rom. Biotechnol. Lett., 12: 3449-3456.
    Direct Link  |  
  111. Prema, P., S. Bharathy, A. Palavesam and G. Immanuel, 2006. Detection, purification and efficacy of warnerin produced by Staphylococcus warneri. World J. Microbiol. Biotechnol., 22: 865-872.
    CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  
  112. Palavesam, A., L. Sheeja and G. Immanuel, 2006. Antimicrobial properties of medicinal herbal extracts against pathogenic bacteria isolated from the infected grouper Epinephelus tauvina. J. Biol. Res., 6: 167-176.
    Direct Link  |  
  113. Immanuel, G., R. Dhanusha, P. Prema and A. Palavesam, 2006. Effect of different growth parameters on endoglucanase enzyme activity by bacteria isolated from coir retting effluents of estuarine environment. Int. J. Environ. Sci. Technol., 3: 25-34.
    CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  
  114. Immanuel, G., P. Iyyapparaj, A. Palavesam and M. PeterMarian, 2006. Intestinal bacterial diversity in live rock lobster Panulirus homarus (Linnaeus) (Decapoda, Pleocyemata, Palinuridae) during transportation process. Pan Am. J. Aquat. Sci., 1: 69-73.
    Direct Link  |  
  115. Citarasu, T., V. Sivaram, G. Immanuel, N. Rout and V. Murugan, 2006. Influence of selected Indian immunostimulant herbs against White Spot Syndrome Virus (WSSV) infection in black tiger shrimp, Penaeus monodon with reference to haematological, biochemical and immunological changes. Fish Shellfish Immunol., 21: 372-384.
    CrossRef  |  PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  
  116. Palavesam, A., S. Beena and G. Immanuel, 2005. A method for the estimation of detritus energy generation in aquatic habitats. Turk. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci., 5: 49-52.
    Direct Link  |  
  117. Immanuel, G., P. Iyapparaj, R. Ramasubburayan, A. Palavesam and M.P. Marian, 2005. Screening of medicinal plant extracts for non toxic antimicrofouling compounds. J. Biol. Res., 4: 181-188.
  118. Sivaram, V., M.M. Babu, G. Immanuel, S. Murugadass, T. Citarasu and M.P. Marian, 2004. Growth and immune response of juvenile greasy groupers (Epinephelus tauvina) fed with herbal antibacterial active principle supplemented diets against Vibrio harveyi infections. Aquaculture, 237: 9-20.
    CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  
  119. Immanuel, G., V.C. Vincybai, V. Sivaram, A. Palavesam and M.P. Marian, 2004. Effect of butanolic extracts from terrestrial herbs and seaweeds on the survival, growth and pathogen (Vibrio parahaemolyticus) load on shrimp Penaeus indicus juveniles. Aquaculture, 236: 53-65.
    CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  
  120. Immanuel, G., A. Palavesam, V. Sivaram, M.M. Babu and M.P. Marian, 2004. Feeding trashfish Odonus niger lipid enriched Artemia nauplii on growth, stress resistance and HUFA requirements of Penaeus monodon postlarvae. Aquaculture, 237: 301-313.
    CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  
  121. Immanuel, G., A. Palavesam, B. Vengadesh and M.P. Marian, 2004. Rearing of Brine Shrimp, Artemia parthenogenetica Using Rice Bran Supplemented with Fermented Yeast. Indian J. Fish., 51: 451-459.
    Direct Link  |  
  122. Immanuel, G., 2004. Nutritional and medicinal products from marine organisms. Chem. Weekly, 1: 181-186.
  123. Immanuel, G., V. Menenthira, S. Beena and A. Palavesam, 2003. Influence of dietary lipid on survival, growth and moulting strategies ofPenaeus indicus (Milne Edwards) postlarvae. J. Aquac. Trop., 18: 45-60.
  124. Immanuel, G., V. Menenthira, S. Beena and A. Palavesam, 2003. Effect of probionts on the growth, food utilisation and biochemical changes in Pearl spot, E. suratencis (Bloch). Indian J. Fish., 50: 273-278.
  125. Immanuel, G., V. Menenthira, P. Prema and A. Palavesam, 2003. Influence of probionts on the gut microbial diversity in pearl spot Etroplus suratencis. Indian J. Fish., 50: 499-508.
  126. Immanuel, G., V. Menenthira, A. Palavesam and M.P. Marian, 2002. Physico - chemical properties and fatty acid profile of Odonus niger liver oil. Indian J. Fish., 49: 147-153.
    Direct Link  |  
  127. Immanuel, G., 2002. Studies on the impact of coastal pollution by coir retting effluent on biochemical constituents of muscle and haemolymph in mole crab Emerita sciatica. Indian J. Environ. Ecoplan., 6: 46-52.
  128. Immanuel, G., 2002. Influence on the impact of different coastal pollutants on biochemical changes in various life stages of mole crab Emerita asiatica. Indian J. Environ. Ecoplan., 6: 27-33.
  129. Palavesam, A. and G. Immanuel, 2001. Production of Coconut Mesocarp Fibre and Environmental Concern. Vol. 2, M.S. University Publication, India, pp: 7-11.
  130. Immanuel, G., M.P. Marian and A. Palvesam, 2001. Studies on the waste generation potential from cephalopods landings in coastal areas of Kanyakumari district, Tamilnadu, India. Indian J. Environ. Ecoplan., 3: 271-282.
  131. Immanuel, G., M.P. Marian and A. Palavesam, 2001. Effect of feeding lipid enriched Artemia nauplii on survival, growth, tissue fatty acids and stress resistance of postlarvae Penaeus indicu. J. Asian Fish. Sci., 14: 377-388.
  132. Immanuel, G., V. Menenthira, M.P. Marian and A. Palavesam, 2000. Studies on the waste generation potential from crustacean`s landings in coastal areas of Kanyakumari. Ecol. Ethol. Aquat. Biota, 2: 323-331.
  133. Immanuel, G., V. Menenthira, M.P. Marian and A. Palavesam, 2000. Studies on the waste generation potential from crustaceans landings in coastal areas of Kanyakumari District, India. Ecol. Ethol. Aquat. Biota, 2: 332-336.
  134. Citarasu, T., G. Immanuel and M.P. Marian, 1999. Effect of feeding, Artemia enriched with stresstol and cod-liver oil on growth and stress resistance in the Indian white shrimp Penaeus indicus Postlarvae. J. Asian Fish. Sci., 12: 65-76.
  135. Immanuel, G., A. Palavesam and M.P. Marian, 1997. Formulation and analysis of artificial feed from fishery wastes. J. Fresh Water Biol., 9: 86-90.