Dr. Mohd.  Rafatullah

Dr. Mohd. Rafatullah

Senior Lecturer
Universiti Sains Malaysia, Malaysia


Highest Degree
Ph.D. in Environmental Chemistry from Aligarh Muslim University, India

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Biography

Dr. Mohd. Rafatullah currently is a Senior Lecturer in the School of Industrial Technology, Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM), Malaysia. He joined this School in the year 2008 as a Post Doctoral Fellow. He completed his education, Ph. D. in Environmental Chemistry, Master of Science in Analytical Chemistry and Bachelor of Science in Chemistry from Aligarh Muslim University (AMU), India. His research interest is in the areas of environmental organic pollutants and their safe removal, preparation of various nano-materials to prevent the environment, water and wastewater treatment, adsorption and ion-exchange, thermodynamic and kinetic studies, and organic chemistry based on environment. He has published several reviews articles and regular research papers in the journals of international repute and presented his research work in various national and international conferences.

Area of Interest:

Environmental Sciences
100%
Environmental Pollutants
62%
Adsorption
90%
Thermodynamics
75%
Water Treatment
55%

Selected Publications

  1. Umar, K., M.N.M. Ibrahim, A. Ahmad and M. Rafatullah, 2019. Synthesis of Mn-doped TiO2 by novel route and photocatalytic mineralization/intermediate studies of organic pollutants. Res. Chem. Intermed., 45: 2927-2945.
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  2. Khan, M.S., S.K. Yusufzai, E.K. Sonny, M. Rafatullah and S. Ismail, 2019. Determination of chemical composition, total phenolic content, total flavonoid content and in vitro antioxidant capacity of various organic extracts of gynura crepioides leaves cultivated in Malaysia. Int. J. Pharm. Sci. Res., 10: 1000-1009.
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  3. Khan, M.A., A. Alqadami, M. Otero, M.R. Siddiqui and Z. Alothman et al., 2019. Heteroatom-doped magnetic hydrochar to remove post-transition and transition metals from water: Synthesis, characterization and adsorption studies. Chemosphere, 218: 1089-1099.
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  4. Islam, T., A. Azman, P. Singh, I. Ali and T. Akhtar et al., 2019. Socio-economic vulnerability of riverbank erosion of displacees: Case study of coastal villages in Bangladesh. Indian J. Ecol., 46: 34-38.
  5. Chuo, S.C., S.H. Mohd-Setapar, S.F. Mohamed, A. Ahmad and M. Rafatullah, 2019. Utilization of green sophorolipids biosurfactant in reverse micelle extraction of antibiotics: Kinetic and mass transfer studies. J. Mol. Liq., 276: 225-232.
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  6. Adeleke, A.O., A. Ahmad, K. Hossain and M. Rafatullah, 2019. Statistical optimization for adsorption of rhodamine B dye from aqueous solutions. J. Mol. Liq., 281: 48-58.
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  7. Abbas, S.Z., M. Rafatullah, M.A. Khan and M.R. Siddiqui, 2019. Bioremediation and electricity generation by using open and closed sediment microbial fuel cells. Frontiers Microbiol., 9: 3348-3348.
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  8. Abbas, S.Z., C.J. Yee, K. Hossain, A. Ahmad and M. Rafatullah, 2019. Isolation and characterization of mercury resistant bacteria from industrial wastewater. Desalin. Water Treat., 138: 128-133.
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  9. Yusof, T.N., M. Rafatullah, N. Ismail, Z. Zainuddin and J. Lalung, 2018. Enhancement of cyanobacterial control by fungi degraded palm oil trunk. Malaysian J. Microbiol., 14: 172-179.
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  10. Rafatullah, M., S.Z. Abbas, A. Ahmad and D. Lokhat, 2018. A Review of Agricultural Solid Waste Materials as Potential Adsorbents for Copper Ions from Water and Wastewater. In: Air, Gas and Water Pollution Control Using Industrial and Agricultural Solid Wastes Adsorbents. Sen, T.K., (Ed.)., CRC Press, Taylor and Francis Group, USA, pp: 197-221.
  11. Mohamad, R., J. Lalung, M. Rafatullah, N. Ismail, S.Z. Abbas and Z. Zainuddin, 2018. First report of anatoxin: A encoding gene in isolated cyanobacterial strains from Malaysia. Malaysian J. Microbiol., 14: 202-207.
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  12. Lee, L.Y., N. Morad, N. Ismail and M. Rafatullah, 2018. Opportunities and challenges in supported liquid membrane technology for heavy metal extraction and recovery: A review. Int. J. Environ. Eng., 9: 324-354.
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  13. Khan, M.S., S.K. Yusufzai, M. Rafatullah, M.S. Sarjadi and M. Razlan, 2018. Determination of total phenolic content, total flavonoid content and antioxidant activity of various organic crude extracts of Licuala spinosa leaves from Sabah, Malaysia. ASM Sci. J., 11: 53-58.
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  14. Karri, R.R., B. Heibati, Y. Yusup, M. Rafatullah, M. Mohammadyan and J.N. Sahu, 2018. Modeling airborne indoor and outdoor particulate matter using genetic programming. Sustainable Cities Soc., 43: 395-405.
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  15. Aziz, Z.A.A., A. Ahmad, S.H.M. Setapar, A. Karakucuk and M.M. Azim et al., 2018. Essential oils: Extraction techniques, pharmaceutical and therapeutic potential: A review. Curr. Drug Metab., 19: 1100-1110.
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  16. Ahmad, A., M. Rafatullah, M. Vakili and S.H.M. Setapar, 2018. Equilibrium and kinetic studies of methyl orange adsorption onto chemically treated oil palm trunk powder. Environ. Eng. Manage. J., 17: 2933-2943.
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  17. Ahmad, A., D. Lokhat, Y. Wang and M. Rafatullah, 2018. Recent Advances In Nanofiltration Membrane Techniques for Separation of Toxic Metals from Waste Water. In: Nanotechnology for Sustainable Water Resources, Mishra, A.K. and C.M. Hussain (Eds.)., Wiley-Scrivener Publishers, USA, ISBN: 9781119323594, pp: 477-493.
  18. Ahmad, A., D. Lokhat, S.H.M. Setapar, A. Khatoon M. Shahadat and M. Rafatullah, 2018. Use of Carbon Nanotubes as Sorbents for Heavy Metals Remediation from Wastewater. In: Nanocomposites for Pollution Control. Hussain, C.M. and A.K. Mishra (Eds.)., Pan Stanford Publishing Pte. Ltd., USA, pp: 331-357.
  19. Abd-Talib, N., A. Ahmad, S.H. Mohd-Setapar, A.K. Khamis, D. Lokhat and M. Rafatullah, 2018. Removal of silica from rice straw by using alkaline hydrogen peroxide solution in a fixed bed column. J. Mater. Environ. Sci., 9: 864-872.
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  20. Abbas, S.Z., T.C. Whui, K. Hossain, A. Ahmad and M. Rafatullah, 2018. Isolation and characterization of oil-degrading bacteria from marine sediment environment. Desalin. Water Treat., 136: 282-289.
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  21. Abbas, S.Z., M. Rafatullah, N. Ismail and M.I. Syakir, 2018. The behaviour of membrane less sediment microbial fuel cell in the terms of bioremediation and power generation. Malaysian J. Microbiol., 14: 108-112.
  22. Abbas, S.Z., M. Rafatullah, N. Ismail and F.R. Shakoori, 2018. Electrochemistry and microbiology of microbial fuel cells treating marine sediments polluted with heavy metals. RSC Adv., 8: 18800-18813.
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  23. Abbas, S.Z. and M. Rafatullah, 2018. Sediment Microbial Fuel Cells in Relation to Anaerobic Digestion Technology. In: Anaerobic Digestion Processes, Horan, N., A.Z. Yaser and N. Wid (Ed.)., Springer International Publishing, Singapore, ISBN: 978-981-13-4070-3, pp: 33-53.
  24. Abbas, S.Z., M. Rafatullah, K. Hossain, N. Ismail, H.A. Tajarudin and H.P.S.A. Khalil, 2018. A review on mechanism and future perspectives of cadmium resistant bacteria. Int. J. Environ. Sci. Technol., 15: 243-262.
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  25. Zafirah, N., N.A. Nurin, M.S. Samsurijan, M.H. Zuknik, M. Rafatullah and M.I. Syakir,. 2017. Sustainable ecosystem services framework for tropical catchment management: A review. Sustainability, 9: 546-546.
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  26. Yusof, T.N., M. Rafatullah, R. Mohamad, N. Ismail, Z. Zainuddin and J. Lalung, 2017. Cyanobacteria characteristics and ethods for isolation and accurate identification of cyanotoxins: A review. Avicenna J. Environ. Health Eng., 4: 1-11.
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  27. Yusof, T.N., M. Rafatullah, N. Ismail, Z. Zainuddin and J. Lalung, 2017. Application of selected Malaysian wild plant leaves as potential control of cyanobacterial bloom. Int. Res. J. Environ. Sci., 3: 10-19.
  28. Vakili, M., M. Rafatullah, M.H. Ibrahim, A.Z. Abdullah, B. Salamatinia and Z. Gholami, 2017. Enhancing reactive blue 4 adsorption through chemical modification of chitosan with hexadecylamine and 3-aminopropyl triethoxysilane. J. Water Process Eng., 15: 49-54.
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  29. Vakili, M., M. Rafatullah, M.H. Ibrahim, A.Z. Abdullah, B. Salamatinia and Z. Gholami, 2017. Enhancing Reactive Blue 4 Adsorption through Chemical Modification of Chitosan with Hexadecylamine and 3-Aminopropyl Triethoxysilane. J. Water Process Eng., 15: 49-54.
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  30. Vakili, M., M. Rafatullah, B. Salamatinia, M.H. Ibrahim, N. Ismail and A.Z. Abdullah, 2017. Adsorption studies of methyl tert-butyl ether from environment. Sep. Purif. Rev., 10.1080/15422119.2016.1270966.
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  31. Vakili, M., M. Rafatullah, B. Salamatinia, M.H. Ibrahim, N. Ismail and A.Z. Abdullah, 2017. Adsorption studies of methyl tert-butyl ether from environment. Sep. Purif. Rev., 46: 273-290.
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  32. Shahadat, M., T.T. Teng, M. Rafatullah, Z.A. Shaikh, T.R. Sreekrishnan and S.W. Ali, 2017. Bacterial bioflocculants: A review of recent advances and perspectives. Chem. Eng. J., 328: 1139-1152.
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  33. Norulaini, N.A.N., N. Chard, A.F.M. Alkarkhi, M. Rafatullah and A.K.M. Omar, 2017. Analysis of particulate matters in air of palm oil mills-a statistical assessment. Environ. Eng. Management J., 16: 2537-2543.
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  34. Abbas, S.Z., M. Rafatullah, Norli Ismail and R.A. Nastro, 2017. Enhanced bioremediation of toxic metals and harvesting electricity through sediment microbial fuel cell. Int. J. Energy Res., 41: 2345-2355.
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  35. Abbas, S.Z., M. Rafatullah, N. Ismail and M.I. Syakir, 2017. Outlook of sediment microbial fuel cell for power generation and bioremediation of con taminants. Int. J. Adv. Sci., Eng. Technol., 5: 45-47.
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  36. Abbas, S.Z., M. Rafatullah, N. Ismail and M.I. Syakir, 2017. A review on sediment microbial fuel cells as a new source of sustainable energy and heavy metal remediation: mechanisms and future prospective. Int. J. Energy Res., 10.1002/er.3706.
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  37. Abbas, S.Z., M. Rafatullah, N. Ismail and M.I. Syakir, 2017. A review on sediment microbial fuel cells as a new source of sustainable energy and heavy metal remediation: Mechanisms and future prospective. Int. J. Energy Res., 41: 1242-1264.
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  38. Vakili, M., M. Rafatullah, Z. Gholami and H. Farraji, 2016. Smart Materials for Waste Water Application: Treatment of Reactive Dyes from Water and Waste Water through Chitosan and its Derivatives. Wiley-Scrivener Publishers, USA, pp: 347-377.
  39. Vakili, M., M. Rafatullah, M.H. Ibrahim, A.Z. Abdullah, B. Salamatinia and Z. Gholami, 2016. Chitosan hydrogel beads impregnated with hexadecylamine for improved reactive blue 4 adsorption. Carbohyd. Polym., 137: 139-146.
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  40. Vakili, M., M. Rafatullah, M.H. Ibrahim, A.Z. Abdullah B. Salamatinia and Z. Gholami, 2016. Preparation of chitosan beads for the adsorption of reactive blue 4 from aqueous solutions. Iran. J. Energy Environ., 7: 124-128.
  41. Su, C.X.H., T.T. Teng, Y.S. Wong, N. Morad and M. Rafatullah, 2016. Catalytic thermolysis in treating cibacron blue in aqueous solution: kinetics and degradation pathway. Chemosphere, 146: 503-510.
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  42. Su, C.X.H., T.T. Teng, N. Morad and M. Rafatullah, 2016. Optimization of the coagulation-flocculation of reactive dye wastewater using novel inorganic-organic hybrid polymer. Iranica J. Energy Environ., 7: 31-38.
  43. Norulaini, N.A.N., N. Chard, A.F.M. Alkarkhi, M. Rafatullah and A.K. Mohd Omar, 2016. Analysis of particulate matters in air of palm oil mills-a statistical assessment. Environ. Eng. Manage. J., .
  44. Mohamad, R., M. Rafatullah, T.N. Yusof, Y.J. Sim, N. Ismail and J. Lalung, 2016. Detection of microcystin (mcyE) gene in recreational lakes in Miri, Sarawak, Malaysia. Curr. World Environ., 11: 690-699.
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  45. Jiao, W., M. Rafatullah, N. Morad, K. Hossain and T.T. Tow, 2016. Extraction of toxic rhodamine b dye by using organic solvent: A statistical analysis. Res. J. Environ. Toxicol., 10: 152-158.
  46. Hossain, K., S. Quaik, N.I. Ismail, M. Rafatullah, I. Ali, Z.A. Hatta, A.Y. Maruthi, G. Pant and R. Shaik, 2016. Climate change-perceived impacts on agriculture, vulnerability and response strategies for improving adaptation practice in developing countries (South Asian Region). Int. J. Agric. Res., 11: 1-12.
  47. Hossain, K., N. Ismail, M. Rafatullah, M. Avasan, R. Shaik and S. Quaik, 2016. Bioremediation and detoxification of the textile wastewater with membrane bioreactor using the white-rot fungus and reuse of wastewater. Iran. J. Biotechnol., 14: 154-162.
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  48. Ahmad, A., M. Rafatullah, M. Vakili and S.H. Mohd Setapar, 2016. Equilibrium and kinetic studies of methyl orange adsorption onto chemically treated oil palm trunk powder. Environ. Eng. Manage. J., .
  49. Ahmad, A., A. Khatoon, S.H. Mohd-Setapar, R. Kumar and M. Rafatullah, 2016. Chemically oxidized pineapple fruit peel for the biosorption of heavy metals from aqueous solution. Desalin. Water Treat., 57: 6432-6442.
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  50. Abdul Khalil, H.P.S., C.K. Saurabh, A.S. Adnan, M.R.N. Fazita and M.I. Syakir et al., 2016. A review on chitosan-cellulose blends and nanocellulose reinforced chitosan biocomposites: Properties and their applications. Carbohydr. Polym., 150: 216-226.
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  51. Abbas, S.Z., M. Rafatullah, N. Ismail and M.I. Syakir, 2016. Removal of chromium and copper through sediment microbial fuel cell. Int. J. Environ. Sci. Technol., 2: 56-60.
  52. Vakili, M., M. Rafatullah, M.H. Ibrahim, B. Salamatinia, Z. Gholami and H.M. Zwain, 2015. A review on composting of oil palm biomass. Environ. Dev. Sustainability, 17: 691-709.
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  53. Vakili, M., M. Rafatullah, B. Salamatinia, M.H. Ibrahim and A.Z. Abdullah, 2015. Elimination of reactive blue 4 from aqueous solutions using 3-aminopropyl triethoxysilane modified chitosan beads. Carbohyd. Poly., 132: 89-96.
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  54. Vakili, M., H.M. Zwain, M. Rafatullah, Z. Gholami and R. Mohammadpour, 2015. Potentiality of palm oil biomass with cow dung for compost production. KSCE J. Civil Eng., 19: 1994-1999.
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  55. Shahadat, M., T.T. Teng, M. Rafatullah and M. Arshad, 2015. Titanium-based nanocomposite materials: A review of recent advances and perspectives. Colloids Surf. B Biointerfaces, 126: 121-137.
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  56. Shahadat, M., M. Rafatullah and T.T. Teng, 2015. Characterization and sorption behavior of natural adsorbent for exclusion of chromium ions from industrial effluents. Desalin. Water Treat., 53: 1395-1403.
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  57. Lau, Y.Y., Y.S. Wong, T.T. Teng, N. Morad, M. Rafatullah and S.A. Ong, 2015. Degradation of cationic and anionic dyes in coagulation-flocculation process using bi-functionalized silica hybrid with aluminum-ferric as auxiliary agent. RSC Adv., 5: 34206-34215.
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  58. Jiao, W., M. Rafatullah, N. Morad, T.T. Teng, 2015. Optimization of rhodamine B extraction from aqueous solution by soybean oil as organic solvent using response surface methodology. J. Indus. Res. Technol., 5: 1-7.
  59. Hossain, K., S. Quaik, G. Pant, S. Yadav and Y.A. Maruthi et al., 2015. Arsenic fate in the ground water and its effect on soil-crop systems. Res. J. Environ. Toxicol., 9: 231-240.
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  60. Hossain, K., N. Ismail, M. Rafatullah, S. Quaik, M. Nasir, A.Y. Maruthi and R. Shaik, 2015. Bioremediation of textile effluent with membrane bioreactor using the white-rot fungus coriolus versicolor. J. Pure Appl. Microbiol., 9: 1979-1986.
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  61. El Chaghaby, G.A., T. Nour, A. Ghani, M. Rafatullah and J.M. Aguado, 2015. Water: analysis, treatment and reuse. J. Chem., .
  62. Bushra, R., M. Shahadat, M.A. Khan, R. Adnan, M. Arshad, M. Rafatullah and M. Naushad, 2015. Preparation of polyaniline based nanocomposite material and their environmental applications. Int. J. Environ. Sci. Technol., 12: 3635-3642.
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  63. Bushra, R., M. Naushad, R. Adnan, Z.A. ALOthman and M. Rafatullah, 2015. Polyaniline supported nanocomposite cation exchanger: Synthesis, characterization and applications for the efficient removal of Pb2+ ion from aqueous medium. J. Ind. Eng. Chem., 21: 1112-1118.
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  64. Ahmad, A., S.H. Mohd-Setapar, C.S. Chuong, A. Khatoon, W.A. Wani, R. Kumar and M. Rafatullah, 2015. Recent advances in new generation dye removal technologies: novel search for approaches to reprocess wastewater. RSC Adv., 5: 30801-30818.
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  65. Abbas, S.Z., M. Rafatullah, N. Ismail and J. Lalung, 2015. Isolation and characterization of cadmium resistant bacteria from industrial wastewater. Desalin. Water Treat., 53: 1037-1046.
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  66. Woo, Y.S., M. Rafatullah, A.F.M. Al-Karkhi and T.T. Tow, 2014. Removal of terasil red R dye by using fenton oxidation: a statistical analysis. Desalin. Water Treat., 52: 4583-4591.
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  67. Wong, Y.S., T.T. Teng, S.A. Ong, M. Norhashimah, M. Rafatullah and J.Y. Leong, 2014. Methane gas production from palm oil wastewater: An anaerobic methanogenic degradation process in continuous stirrer suspended closed anaerobic reactor. J. Taiwan Inst. Chem. Eng., 45: 896-900.
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  68. Wong, Y.S., T.T. Teng, S.A. Ong, M. Norhashimah and M. Rafatullah, 2014. Suspended growth kinetic analysis on biogas generation from newly isolated anaerobic microbial communities for palm oil mill effluent at mesophilic temperature R. Soc. Chem. Adv., 4: 64659-64667.
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  69. Wong, Y.S., T.T. Teng, S.A. Ong, M. Norhashimah and M. Rafatullah, 2014. Start-up operation and hydraulic retention time selectivity for palm oil mill wastewater at mesophilic temperature in anaerobic suspended growth closed bioreactor. Adv. Mater. Res., 955: 1330-1334.
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  70. Vakili, M., M. Rafatullah, M.H. Ibrahim, A.Z. Abdullah, B. Salamatinia and Z. Gholami, 2014. Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology. In: Oil palm biomass as an adsorbent for heavy metals. Whitacre, D.M. (Ed.). Springer, Switzerland, pp 61-88.
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  71. Vakili, M., M. Rafatullah, M.H. Ibrahim, A.Z. Abdullah, B. Salamatinia and Z. Gholami, 2014. Oil palm biomass as an adsorbent for heavy metals. Rev. Environ. Contam. Toxicol., 232: 61-88.
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  72. Vakili, M., M. Rafatullah, B. Salamatinia, A.Z. Abdullah and M.H. Ibrahim et al., 2014. Application of chitosan and its derivatives as adsorbents for dye removal from water and wastewater: A review. Carbohydr. Polym., 113: 115-130.
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  73. Shahadat, M., R. Bushra, M.R. Khan, M. Rafatullah and T.T. Teng, 2014. A comparative study for the characterization of polyaniline based nanocomposites and membrane properties. RSC Adv., 4: 20686-20692.
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  74. Ogugbue, C.J., A.H. Jawad, O.I. Hussain, A.F.M. Alkarkhi and M. Rafatullah, 2014. Statistical optimization of simultaneous saccharification and fermentation of food waste for production of glucose and lactic acid using response surface methodology. J. Appl. Stat. Res., 2: 1-12.
  75. Lau, Y.Y., Y.S. Wong, T.T. Teng, N. Morad, M. Rafatullah and S.A. Ong, 2014. Coagulation-flocculation of azo dye acid orange 7 with green refined laterite soil. Chem. Eng. J., 246: 383-390.
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  76. Heibati, B., S.R. Couto, A. Amrane, M. Rafatullah, A. Hawari and M.A. Al-Ghouti, 2014. Uptake of reactive black 5 by pumice and walnut activated carbon: chemistry and adsorption mechanisms. J. Ind. Eng. Chem., 20: 2939-2947.
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  77. Bushra, R., M. Shahadat, M.A. Khan, R. Adnan and M. Rafatullah, 2014. Optimization of polyaniline supported Ti (IV) arsenophosphate composite cation exchanger based ion-selective membrane electrode for the determination of lead. Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 53: 19387-19391.
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  78. Abbas, S.Z., M. Riaz, N. Ramzan, M.T. Zahid, F.R. Shakoori and M. Rafatullah, 2014. Isolation and characterization of arsenic resistant bacteria from wastewater. Braz. J. Microbiol., 45: 1309-1315.
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  79. Abbas, S.Z., M. Rafatullah, N. Ismail and J. Lalung, 2014. Isolation, identification, characterization, and evaluation of cadmium removal capacity of enterobacter species. J. basic microbiol., 54: 1279-1287.
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  80. Abbas, S.Z., M. Rafatullah, N. Ismail and J. Lalung, 2014. Isolation, identification, and characterization of cadmium resistant pseudomonas sp. M3 from industrial wastewater. J. Waste Manage., .
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  81. Wong, Y.S., T.T. Teng, S.A. Ong, M. Norhashimah, M. Rafatullah and H.C. Lee, 2013. Anaerobic acidogenesis biodegradation of palm oil mill effluent using Suspended Closed Anaerobic Bioreactor (SCABR) at mesophilic temperature. Procedia Environmental Sciences, 18: 433-441.
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  82. Teng, T.T., Y.S. Wong, S.A. Ong, M. Norhashimah and M. Rafatullah, 2013. Start-up operation of anaerobic degradation process for palm oil mill effluent in anaerobic bench scale reactor (ABSR). Procedia Environmental Sciences, 18: 442-450.
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  83. Rafatullah, M., T. Ahmad, A. Ghazali, O. Sulaiman, M. Danish and R. Hashim, 2013. Oil palm biomass as a precursor of activated carbons: a review. Crit. Rev. environ. Sci. technol., 43: 1117-1161.
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  84. Rafatullah, M., 2013. Adsorption Phenomenon and Thermodynamic Parameters. LAMBERT Academic Publishing, Germany, ISBN: 978-3659340505, Pages: 60.
  85. Low, L.W., T.T. Teng, N. Morad and B. Azahari, 2013. Adsorption studies of methylene blue and malachite green from aqueous solutions by pretreated lignocellulosic materials. Separat. Sci. Technol., 48: 1688-1698.
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  86. Li, Z., T.T. Teng, A.F. Alkarkhi, M. Rafatullah and L.W. Low, 2013. Chemical modification of Imperata cylindrica leaf powder for heavy metal ion adsorption. Water Air Soil Pollut., 224: 1-14.
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  87. Danish, M., R. Hashim, M.N.M. Ibrahim, M. Rafatullah and O. Sulaiman, 2013. The Relevance of Science to Local Knowledge: Comparison of Surface Functional Groups of Chemical Activated Carbons of Acacia Mangium Wood. USM Press, Malaysia, pp: 62-70.
  88. Banana, A.A.S., N.A.N. Norulaini, J. Baharom, M.Y.L. Zuraida, M. Rafatullah and A.K. Mohd, 2013. Inactivation of pathogenic micro-organism in hospital waste using microwave. J. Mater. Cycles Waste Manage., 15: 393-403.
  89. Rafatullah, M., O. Sulaiman, R. Hashim and A. Ahmad, 2012. Removal of cadmium (II) from aqueous solutions by adsorption using meranti wood. Wood sci. technol., 46: 221-241.
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  90. Danish, M., R. Hashim, M.M. Ibrahim, M. Rafatullah and O. Sulaiman, 2012. Surface characterization and comparative adsorption properties of Cr (VI) on pyrolysed adsorbents of acacia mangium wood and phoenix dactylifera L. stone carbon. J. Anal. Appl. Pyrolysis, 97: 19-28.
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  91. Danish, M., M. Rafatullah, O. Sulaiman, R. Hashim and T. Ahmad, 2012. Advances in Chemistry Research. In: Activated Carbon: Preparations and Characterizations. Taylor, J.C. (Ed.). Nova Science, Inc., USA, pp 121-157.
  92. Ahmad, T., M. Danish, M. Rafatullah, A. Ghazali, O. Sulaiman, R. Hashim and M.N.M. Ibrahim, 2012. The use of date palm as a potential adsorbent for wastewater treatment: a review. Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res., 19: 1464-1484.
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  93. Tabassum, S., S. Sabir, O. Sulaiman, M. Rafatullah, I. Khan and R. Hashim, 2011. Kinetics of the oxidation of diclofenac sodium by potassium permanganate. J. Dispersion Sci. Technol., 32: 217-223.
  94. Sulaiman, O., N.S. Ghani, M. Rafatullah, R. Hashim and A. Ahmad, 2011. Sorption equilibrium and thermodynamic studies of zinc (II) ions from aqueous solutions by bamboo sawdust. J. Dispersion Sci. Technol., 32: 583-590.
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  95. Sulaiman, O., N.S. Ghani, M. Rafatullah and R. Hashim, 2011. Removal of zinc (II) ions from aqueous solutions using surfactant modified bamboo sawdust. Sep. Sci. Technol., 46: 2275-2282.
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  96. Rafatullah, M., O. Sulaiman, R. Hashim, A. Ahmad and Q. Qasimullah, 2011. Thermodynamic parameters for adsorption equilibrium of methylene blue from aqueous solutions with low-cost adsorbents. J. Ind. Res. Technol., 1: 92-96.
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  97. Rafatullah, M., O. Sulaiman, R. Hashim and M.H.M. Amini, 2011. Adsorption of copper (II) ions onto surfactant-modified oil palm leaf powder. J. Dispersion Sci. Technol., 32: 1641-1648.
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  98. Qasimullah, Q., A. Ahmad, M. Rafatullah, O. Sulaiman and R. Hashim, 2011. Role of sawdust in adsorption of Zn2+ and Cd2+ ions from aqueous system. J. Ind. Res. Technol., 1: 6-11.
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  99. Danish, M., R. Hashim, M.N.M. Ibrahim, M. Rafatullah, O. Sulaiman, T. Ahmad, M. Shamsuzzoha and A. Ahmad, 2011. Adsorption studies of copper(II) and nickel(II) ions from aqueous solutions onto activated date stone. J. Chem. Eng. Data, 56: 3607-3619.
  100. Danish, M., R. Hashim, M.M. Ibrahim, M. Rafatullah, T. Ahmad and O. Sulaiman, 2011. Characterization of acacia mangium wood based activated carbons prepared in the presence of basic activating agents. BioResour., 6: 3019-3033.
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  101. Danish, M., R. Hashim, M. Rafatullah, O. Sulaiman and A. Ahmad, 2011. Adsorption of Pb (II) ions from aqueous solutions by date bead carbon activated with ZnCl2. Clean Soil Air Water, 39: 392-399.
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  102. Ahmad, T., M. Rafatullah, A. Ghazali, O. Sulaiman and R. Hashim, 2011. Oil palm biomass-based adsorbents for the removal of water pollutants - a review. J. Environ. Sci. Health Part C, 29: 177-222.
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  103. Sulaiman, O., M. Amini, M. Hazim, M. Rafatullah, R. Hashim and A. Ahmad, 2010. Adsorption equilibrium and thermodynamic studies of copper (II) ions from aqueous solutions by oil palm leaves. Int. J. Chem. Reactor Eng., .
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  104. Siddique, M.B., A. Ahmad, M.H. Ibrahim, S. Hena, M. Rafatullah and A.K.M. Omar, 2010. Physico-chemical properties of blends of palm olein with other vegetable oils. Grasas Aceites, 61: 423-429.
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  105. Rafatullah, M., O. Sulaiman, R. Hashim and A. Ahmad, 2010. Adsorption of methylene blue on low-cost adsorbents: A review. J. Hazard. Mater., 177: 70-80.
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  106. Rafatullah, M., O. Sulaiman, R. Hashim and A. Ahmad, 2010. Adsorption of copper (II) onto different adsorbents. J. Dispersion Sci. Technol., 31: 918-930.
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  107. Ibrahim, M.M., W.W. Ngah, M.S. Norliyana, W.W. Daud, M. Rafatullah, O. Sulaiman and R. Hashim, 2010. A novel agricultural waste adsorbent for the removal of lead (II) ions from aqueous solutions. J. Hazard. Mater., 182: 377-385.
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  108. Danish, M., O. Sulaiman, M. Rafatullah, R. Hashim and A. Ahmad, 2010. Kinetics for the removal of paraquat dichloride from aqueous solution by activated date (phoenix dactylifera) stone carbon. J. Dispersion Sci. Technol., 31: 248-259.
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  109. Ahmad, T., M. Rafatullah, A. Ghazali, O. Sulaiman, R. Hashim and A. Ahmad, 2010. Removal of pesticides from water and wastewater by different adsorbents: A review. J. Environ. Sci. Health Part C, 28: 231-271.
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  110. Rafatullah, M., O. Sulaiman, R. Hashim and A. Ahmad, 2009. Adsorption of copper (II), chromium (III), nickel (II) and lead (II) ions from aqueous solutions by meranti sawdust. J. Hazard. Mater., 170: 969-977.
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  111. Ahmad, A., M. Rafatullah, O. Sulaiman, M.H. Ibrahim, Y.Y. Chii and B.M. Siddique, 2009. Removal of Cu (II) and Pb (II) ions from aqueous solutions by adsorption on sawdust of meranti wood. Desalin., 247: 636-646.
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  112. Ahmad, A., M. Rafatullah, O. Sulaiman, M.H. Ibrahim and R. Hashim, 2009. Scavenging behaviour of meranti sawdust in the removal of methylene blue from aqueous solution. J. hazard. Mater., 170: 357-365.
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  113. Ahmad, A. and M. Rafatullah, 2009. Solvent polarity as a function of retardation factor in thin-layer chromatography of selected nitro functions: two mixed solvents. IUP J. Chem., 2: 55-56.
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  114. Ahmad, A., M. Rafatullah and M. Danish, 2007. Removal of Zn (II) and Cd (II) ions from aqueous solutions using treated sawdust of sissoo wood as an adsorbent. Holz Roh Werkst, 65: 429-436.
  115. Ahmad, A., M. Rafatullah and M. Danish, 2006. Thermodynamics of ion-exchange of alkali metal ions on crystalline niobium (V) phosphate. Bull. Chem. Soc. Jpn., 79: 88-94.
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